SPUTUM AFB POSITIVITY OF SUSPECTED TUBERCULOSIS PATIENTS IN A TERTIARY HOSPITAL IN BENIN CITY NIGERIA

Authors

  • Osarogiagbon WO
  • Iyoha O

Keywords:

Tuberculosis, sputum positivity

Abstract

Background: Tuberculosis ranks as the second leading cause of death from infectious diseases  worldwide only next to HIV. It is a chronic debilitating condition caused by a bacterium of the  genus Mycobacterium, mainly mycobacterium hominis.  

Aim: To determine the prevalence of AFB positivity among patients attending University of Benin Teaching Hospital. 

Material and Methods: A retrospective record review was done by extracting relevant data  from the records of patients screened for PTB using sputum AFB in UBTH over a 1-year  period. Analysis was done using SPSS Version 20.0. 

Result: Of the 895 patients results reviewed, 123 (13.7%) were positive, 772 (84.2%) were  negative. Of the 123 that were positive 47 (37.6%) were females and 76 (62.4%) were males. Of the negatives, 432 (56.0%) were females and 340 (44.0%) were males. The difference between  the male and female positivity was statistically significant with a p value of 0.0001. The highest  number of positive cases were seen in the age range 30 39 years (30: 18.6%). Of those that had  positive sputum samples, 6 (4.9%) were children age less than 18 years.  

Conclusion: The prevalence of positivity in the study area is relatively high compared to other  regions, there is therefore need for concerted efforts at all levels of government to put in place  programmes that will encourage poverty reduction and overcrowding while at the same time  encouraging immunisation.

Author Biography

Osarogiagbon WO

Department of Child Health,

University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.

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Published

2015-03-01

How to Cite

Osarogiagbon , W., & Iyoha , O. (2015). SPUTUM AFB POSITIVITY OF SUSPECTED TUBERCULOSIS PATIENTS IN A TERTIARY HOSPITAL IN BENIN CITY NIGERIA . African Journal of Tropical Medicine and Biomedical Research, 3(1), 46-53. Retrieved from https://www.ajtmbr.org.ng/index.php/home/article/view/51