ASSESSING RELIABILITY OF CARD AGGLUTINATION TEST FOR TRYPANOSOMIASIS IN SCREENING GAMBIAN SLEEPING SICKNESS AT ABRAKA ENDEMIC FOCUS

Authors

  • Umukoro DO
  • Ataikiru Pd

Abstract

Introduction: Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) is one of the neglected tropical  diseases. It is endemic in Abraka, south south , Nigeria . Clinical features of this disease are not  sufficiently specific for diagnosis of HAT; a definition diagnosis relies on laboratory  examination. The card agglutination test for trypanosomiasis (CATT) is a useful fast practical  serological test for HAT screening in endemic areas. There are indications that CATT results  may be misleading since it is not 100% sensitive. The objective of the study was to evaluate the  reliability of CATT test in Abraka sleeping sickness endemic focus. 

Method: This study was carried out in Oria-Abraka for about two years from march 2013. A  total of 254 consenting individuals were screened with CATT reagent. All sero-positive  individuals were further subdivided into mild, moderate and severely positive. Detailed clinical  examination and parasitological evaluation of blood, csf and aspirates of lymph node, of all  seropositive individuals were done to confirm the diagnosis of HAT. 26 seropositive were  followed-up for 24months and one for 3months. 

Results: 27 of the 254 consenting individual tested positive to CATT test, giving a  seropositivity of 10.6%. All the seropositive individuals were parasitologically negative after  series of parasitological examinations over 24months period. They were all also positive to  malaria parasite test. 

Conclusion:Card Agglutination Test for Trypanosomiasis is not specific enough for screening  for trypanosome brucei gambiense infestation within the Abraka sleeping sickness endemic  focus

Author Biography

Umukoro DO

Department of Family Medicine, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria.

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Published

2015-03-01

How to Cite

Umukoro, D., & Ataikiru, P. (2015). ASSESSING RELIABILITY OF CARD AGGLUTINATION TEST FOR TRYPANOSOMIASIS IN SCREENING GAMBIAN SLEEPING SICKNESS AT ABRAKA ENDEMIC FOCUS. African Journal of Tropical Medicine and Biomedical Research, 3(1), 41-45. Retrieved from https://www.ajtmbr.org.ng/index.php/home/article/view/50